Essentials of the practice of the form and push-hands

Revision for “Essentials of the practice of the form and push-hands” created on November 21, 2016 @ 21:21:55

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Essentials of the practice of the form and push-hands
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<h2><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: x-large;"><b>Essentials of the practise of the form and pushing hands (走架打手行工要言)</b></span></span></h2> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: large;">By Li Yi Yu (<span style="font-size: large;">李亦畬)</span></span></span> <p lang="en-US"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">People of old said: "being able to attract to emptiness, you can use four ounces to deflect a thousand pounds. Not being able to attract to emptiness, you cannot use four ounces to deflect a thousand pounds”. The words are simple, but the meaning is complete. The beginner cannot understand it. Here I add some words to explain it. If someone is ambitious to learn this art, he can find some way to enter it and every day he will have some improvement. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If you want to attract to emptiness and deflect a thousand pounds, you must first know yourself and others. If you want to know yourself and others, you must give up yourself and follow others. <span lang="sv-SE">To</span> give up yourself and follow others, you must first have the correct timing and position. To obtain the correct timing and position, you must first make your body one unit. To make the body one unit, you must first eliminate hollows and protuberances. To make the whole body without breaks or holes, you must first have the <i>shen</i> [spirit] and <i>qi</i> [vital life energy] excited and expanded. If you want the <i>shen</i> and <i>qi</i> activated and expanded, you must first raise the spirit. <span lang="sv-SE">If you want to raise your spirit, you cannot</span> be unfocused. For the <i>shen</i> to not be unfocused, you must first have the <i>shen</i> and <i>qi </i>gather and penetrate the bones. For the <i>shen</i> and <i>qi</i> to penetrate the bones, you must first strengthen both thighs and loosen both shoulders and let the <i>qi</i> sink down. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">The <i>jin</i> [refined force] raises from the feet, changes in the legs, is stored in the chest, moved in the shoulders and commanded in the waist. The upper part connects to both arms and the lower part follows the legs. It changes inside. To gather is to close and to release is to open. If it is quiet, it is completely still. Still means to close. In closing there is opening. If it is moving, everything moves. Mov<span lang="sv-SE">ing</span> is open<span lang="sv-SE">ing</span>. In opening there is closing. When the body is touched it revolves freely. There is no <span lang="sv-SE">place</span> that does not have power. Then you can attract to emptiness and use four ounces to deflect a thousand pounds. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Practicing the Form every day is the <i>gong fu</i> of knowing yourself. When you start to practice, first ask yourself, "Did my whole body follow the above principles or not?" If one little place did not follow them, then correct it immediately. Therefore, in practicing the form we want slowness not speed. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Push hands is the <i>gong fu</i> of knowing others. As for movement and stillness, although it is to know others, you must still ask yourself. If you arrange yourself well, when others touch you, you don't move a hair. Follow the opportunity and meet his force and let him fall naturally outward. If you feel someplace in your body that is powerless, it is double-weighted and unchanging. You must seek the defect in <i>yin </i>and <i>yang</i>, opening and closing. Know yourself and know others: in one hundred battles you will win one hundred times.</span></span></p> <h3 class="western">Sentence by sentence</h3> <p class="western" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>昔人云:“能引进落空,便能四两拨千斤</b></span></span></span><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><b>; </b></span></span><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>不能引进落空,不能四两拨千斤”。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Xī rén yún:“Néng yǐnjìn luòkōng, biàn néng sì liǎng bō qiān jīn; bùnéng yǐnjìn luòkōng, bùnéng sì liǎng bō qiān jīn”. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">People of old said: "being able to attract to emptiness, you can use four ounces to deflect a thousand pounds. Not being able to attract to emptiness, you cannot use four ounces to deflect a thousand pounds”.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>语甚概括,初学未由领悟,予加数语以解之,俾有志斯技者,得所从入,庶日进有功矣。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yǔ shén gàikuò, chūxué wèi yóu lǐngwù, yǔ jiā shù yǔ yǐ jiě zhī, bǐ yǒuzhì sī jì zhě, de suǒ cóng rù, shù rì jìn yǒu gōng yǐ. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">The words are simple, but the meaning is complete. The beginner cannot understand it. Here I add some words to explain it. If someone is ambitious to learn this art, he can find some way to enter it and every day he will have some improvement.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要引进落空,四两拨千斤,先要知己知彼。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào yǐnjìn luòkōng, sì liǎng bō qiān jīn, xiān yào zhījǐzhībǐ. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If you want to attract to emptiness and deflect a thousand pounds, you must first know yourself and others.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要知己知彼,先要舍己从人。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào zhījǐzhībǐ, xiān yào shě jǐ cóng rén. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If you want to know yourself and others, you must give up yourself and follow others.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要舍己从人,先要得机得势。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào shě jǐ cóng rén, xiān yào dé jī déshì. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="sv-SE">To</span> give up yourself and follow others, you must first have the correct timing and position.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要得机得势,先要周身一家。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào dé jī déshì, xiān yào zhōushēn yījiā.</span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">To obtain the correct timing and position, you must first make your body one unit.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要周身一家,先要周身无有缺陷。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào zhōushēn yījiā, xiān yào zhōushēn wú yǒu quēxiàn. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">To make the body one unit, you must first eliminate hollows and protuberances.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要周身无有缺陷,先要神气鼓荡。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào zhōushēn wú yǒu quēxiàn, xiān yào shénqì gǔ dàng. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">To make the whole body without breaks or holes, you must first have the <i>shen</i> [spirit] and <i>qi</i> [vital life energy] excited and expanded.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要神气鼓荡,先要提起精神。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào shénqì gǔ dàng, xiān yào tíqǐ jīngshén. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If you want the <i>shen</i> and <i>qi</i> activated and expanded, you must first raise the spirit.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要提起精神,先要神不外散。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào tíqǐ jīngshén, xiān yào shén bù wài sàn. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="sv-SE">If you want to raise your spirit, you cannot</span> be unfocused.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要神不外散,先要神气收敛入骨。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào shén bù wài sàn, xiān yào shénqì shōuliǎn rùgǔ. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">For the <i>shen</i> to not be unfocused, you must first have the <i>shen</i> and <i>qi </i>gather and penetrate the bones.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>欲要神气收敛入骨,先要两股前节有力,两肩松开,气向下沉。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yù yào shénqì shōuliǎn rùgǔ, xiān yào liǎng gǔ qián jié yǒulì. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">For the <i>shen</i> and <i>qi</i> to penetrate the bones, you must first strengthen both thighs and loosen both shoulders and let the <i>qi</i> sink down.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>劲起于脚根,变换在腿,含蓄在胸,运动在两肩,主宰在腰,上与两膊相系,下与两腿相随,劲由内换。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Jìn qǐ yú jiǎogēn, biànhuàn zài tuǐ, hánxù zài xiōng, yùndòng zài liǎng jiān, zhǔzǎi zài yāo, shàng yǔ liǎng bo xiāng xì, xià yǔ liǎng tuǐ xiāng suí, jìn yóu nèi huàn. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">The <i>jin</i> [refined force] raises from the feet, changes in the legs, is stored in the chest, moved in the shoulders and commanded in the waist. The upper part connects to both arms and the lower part follows the legs. It changes inside.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>收便是合,放即是开。静则俱静,静是合,合中寓开。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Shōu biàn shì hé, fàng jí shì kāi. Jìng zé jù jìng, jìng shì hé, hé zhōng yù kāi. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">To gather is to close and to release is to open. If it is quiet, it is completely still. Still means to close. In closing there is opening. </span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>动则俱动,动是开,开中寓合。</b></span></span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Dòng zé jù dòng, dòng shì kāi, kāi zhōng yù hé. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If it is moving, everything moves. Mov<span lang="sv-SE">ing</span> is open<span lang="sv-SE">ing</span>. In opening there is closing.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>触之则旋转自如,无不得力,才能引进落空,四两拨千斤。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Chù zhī zé xuánzhuǎn zìrú, wú bù dé lì, cáinéng yǐnjìn luòkōng, sì liǎng bō qiān jīn. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">When the body is touched it revolves freely. There is no <span lang="sv-SE">place</span> that does not have power. Then you can attract to emptiness and use four ounces to deflect a thousand pounds. </span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>平日走架是知己工夫。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Píngrì zǒu jià shì zhījǐ gōngfū. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Practising the Form every day is the <i>gong fu</i> of knowing yourself</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>一动势问先问自已周身合上数项杏</b></span></span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><b><span style="font-family: SimSun;">? </span></b></span></span><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>少有不合,即速改换。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Yīdòng shì wèn xiān wèn zìyǐ zhōushēn hé shàng shù xiàng xìng? Shǎo yǒu bùhé, jí sù gǎihuàn. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">When you start to practice, first ask yourself, "Did my whole body follow the above principles or not?" If one little place did not follow them, then correct it immediately. </span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>走架所以要慢不要快,打手是知人功夫,动静固是知人,仍是问己。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Zǒu jià suǒyǐ yào màn bùyào kuài, dǎshǒu shì zhīrén gōngfu, dòngjìng gù shì zhīrén, réng shì wèn jǐ. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Therefore, in practising the form we want slowness not speed. Push hands is the <i>gong fu</i> of knowing others. As for movement and stillness, although it is to know others, you must still ask yourself. </span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>自己安排得好,人一挨我,我不动彼丝毫,趁势而入,接定彼劲,彼自跌出。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Zìjǐ ānpái dé hǎo, rén yī āi wǒ, wǒ bù dòng bǐ sīháo, chènshì ér rù, jiē dìng bǐ jìn, bǐ zì diē chū. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If you arrange yourself well, when others touch you, you don't move a hair. Follow the opportunity and meet his force and let him fall naturally outward.</span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>如自己有不得力处,便是双重未化,要于阴阳开合中求之。</b></span></span></span></p> <p class="western" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">Rú zìjǐ yǒu bù dé lì chù, biàn shì </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="sv-SE">shuāngz</span></span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span lang="sv-SE">hòng</span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US"> wèi huà, yào yú yīnyáng kāi hé zhōng qiú zhī. </span></span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">If you feel someplace in your body that is powerless, it is double-weighted and unchanging. You must seek the defect in <i>yin </i>and <i>yang</i>, opening and closing. </span></span></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: SimSun;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="zh-CN"><b>所谓“知己知彼,百战百胜”也。</b></span></span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Suǒwèi “zhījǐzhībǐ, bǎi zhàn bǎishèng” yě. </span></span></p> <p lang="en-US" align="LEFT"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Know yourself and know others: in one hundred battles you will win one hundred times. </span></span></p>
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